high-z molecular lines

Quick select:

For a Gaussian source and beam shapes the relation between source flux density and source brightness temperature can be written as (e.g., Rohlfs & Wilson 2007, 4th edition):

Sν = 2.65 x Tb x θaθb2
[units: Jy - K - arcmin - cm]

Sν = 7.361 x 104 x Tb x θaθb2
[units: μJy - K - arcsec - mm]

Target List:


Note: the list below is from 2006 - here is a pdf of a more recent list from my thesis (updated November 2007).
Also has to be updated for the most interesting recent addition to the list - the BzK galaxies.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
name             RA(J2000.0)  DEC(J2000.0)   type  z       Lum.D. scale  magn. line      line flux  1.2/1.4mm   FWHM       850um     1.4GHz   5GHz           tel        ref
                (CO position where available)             Mpc    kpc/"                  [Jy km/s]  [mJy]                  [mJy]     [mJy]    [mJy]          for line        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

SMM J02396-0134  02h39m56.59s -01d34m26.6s   SMM L 1.062   7152.0 8.155   2.5  CO(2-1)   3.4  0.3               780 60                                       PdBI       Greve ea. 2005

Q 0957+561       10h01m21.0s  +55d53m57s     RLQ L 1.4141  10227.4 8.509  1.6  CO(2-1)   1.2        <4.0        440        7.5 1.4                           PdBI       Planesas ea. 1999, Krips ea. 2003, Krips ea. 2005 NOTE: Lensing factors: 1.6, 1.7, 4.3

HR10             16h45m02.26s +46d26m26.50s  ERO                               CO(1-0)   0.6  0.1                                                            VLA        Greve ea. 2003
(J16450+4646)                                      1.439   10453.5 8.519   1   CO(2-1)   1.40 0.10 	        400 20                                       PdBI       Andreani ea. 2000
                                                   1.440   10462.5 8.520       CO(5-4)   1.35 0.10  4.9 0.8     380 20                                       PdBI       Andreani ea. 2000

SMM J12360+6210  12h36m00.12s +62d10m47.7s   SMM   1.999   15723.5 8.476   1   CO(3-2)   <1.3                                                                PdBI       in progress ### non-detection (Greve ea. 2005)

SMM J123549+6215 12h35m49.42s +62d15m36.9s   SMM   2.202   17714.1 8.376    1  CO(3-2)   1.6  0.2   2.0 0.6     600 50                                       PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006 HDF76
                                                                               CO(6-5)   2.3  0.4                                                            PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006

IRAS F10214+4724 10h24m34.54s +47d09m09.8s   QSO L 2.2855  18543.3 8.328  17   CO(3-2)   4.1  0.9   9.6 1.4     230 30                                       12m  30m   Brown & van den Bout 1991, Solomon ea. 1992
                                                   2.2854  18542.3 8.328       CO(3-2)   4.2  0.8   24  5       220 30     50 5                              PdBI       Downes ea. 1995
                                                                               CO(3-2)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(4-3)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                   2.2857  18545.3 8.328       CO(6-5)   9.4  2.0               240 30                                       30m OVRO   Solomon ea. 1992, Radford 1996
                                                                               CO(6-5)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(7-6)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                   2.2858  18546.3 8.328      HCN(1-0)   0.05 0.01              140 30                                       GBT        Vanden Bout ea. 2004
                                                                   para  H2O(2_11-2_02)  6.8  1.6               ~186                                         30m        Casoli ea. 1994
                                                                            CI(3P1-3P0)  1.6  0.2               160 30                                       30m        Weiss ea. 2005

SMM J16371+4053  16h37m06.50s +40d53m13.8s   SMM   2.380   19488.4 8.270   1   CO(3-2)   1.0  0.2               830 130                                      PdBI       Greve ea. 2005

SMM J16365+4057  16h36m50.41s +40d57m34.3s   SMM   2.3853  19541.6 8.267   1   CO(3-2)   2.3  0.2   2.5 0.4     840 110    8.2       0.22                    PdBI       Neri ea. 2003 [Elais N2 850.4] - NOTE: 2 sources?? (Smail et al. 2003)
                                                                               CO(3-2)   2.3  0.3   2.6 0.5     710 50                                       PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006 
                                                   2.383   19518.5 8.268       CO(7-6)   1.1  0.2                                                            PdBI       Neri ea. 2003
                                                                               CO(7-6)   6.7  0.7                                                            PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006 

53W002           17h14m14.71s +50d15m30.6s   RG    2.394   19629.0 8.261   1   CO(3-2)   1.5  0.2   1.7 0.4     540 100              50        120 @610MHz   OVRO       Scoville ea. 1997
                                                   2.3927  19615.9 8.262       CO(3-2)   1.20 0.15              420 40                                       PdBI       Alloin ea. 2000

SMM J16358+4105  16h36m58.17s +41d05m23.3s   SMM   2.450   20192.7 8.225   1   CO(3-2)   1.8  0.3               870 80                                       PdBI       Greve ea. 2005 [Elais N2 850.2]
                                                   2.452                       CO(3-2)   1.8  0.2   1.5 0.5     800 50                                       PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006
                                                                               CO(7-6)   3.3  0.5                                                            PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006

SMM J123707+6214 12h37m07.22s +62d14m08.3sSW SMM   2.490   20596.7 8.198   1   CO(3-2)   0.59 0.09  <1.4        430 60                                       PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006 HDF242
                 12h37m07.57s +62d14m09.3sNE SMM   2.490   20596.7 8.198   1   CO(3-2)   0.32 0.09  <1.4        430 60                                       PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006

SMM J04431+0210  04h43m07.24s +02d10m23.8s   SMM L 2.5094  20793.3 8.185   4.4 CO(3-2)   1.4  0.2   1.1 0.3     350 60     7.2                               PdBI       Neri ea. 2003 [Elais N4]
                                                   2.509                       CO(3-2)   1.4  0.2   <1.2        350 40                                       PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006
                                                                               CO(7-6)   <0.8                                                                PdBI       Neri ea. 2003
                                                   2.509                       CO(7-6)   1.0  0.3                                                            PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006

SMM J16359+6612  16h35m54.10s +66d12m 23.8s  SMM L 2.5168  20868.3 8.180       CO(3-2)   3.5  0.1               500 100                                      OVRO       Sheth ea. 2004
                                                 A 2.51740 20874.3 8.180   14  CO(3-2)   1.67 0.13                                                           PdBI       Kneib ea. 2005
                                                 B 2.51741 20874.3 8.180   22  CO(3-2)   2.50 0.12  3.0 0.7     500 100                                      PdBI       Kneib ea. 2005
                                                 C 2.51744 20874.3 8.180    9  CO(3-2)   1.58 0.17                                                           PdBI       Kneib ea. 2005
                                                 B 2.51737 20874.0         22  CO(3-2)   2.8  0.2               310 20                                       30m        Weiss ea. 2005
                                                 B 2.51732 20873.5         22  CO(4-3)   4.0  0.4               340 25                                       30m        Weiss ea. 2005
                                                 B 2.51746 20874.9         22  CO(5-4)   5.1  0.5               295 30                                       30m        Weiss ea. 2005
                                                 B 2.51738 20874.1         22  CO(6-5)   4.0  0.5               340 35                                       30m        Weiss ea. 2005
                                                 A 2.51740 20874.3 8.180   14  CO(7-6)   3.3  1.4               >760                                         PdBI       Kneib ea. 2005
                                                 B 2.51741 20874.3 8.180   22  CO(7-6)   2.5  0.7               >760                                         PdBI       Kneib ea. 2005

Cloverleaf       14h15m46.23s +11d29m44.0s   QSO L 2.558   21286.4 8.152   11  CO(3-2)   8.1        18   2      326         58.8 8.1 7.7        2.0          PdBI 30m   Barvainis ea. 1994
(H1413+117)                                  [BAL]                             CO(3-2)   14.4 4.4               352 81                                       BIMA       Wilner ea. 1995
                                                   2.5579  21285.4 8.152       CO(3-2)   9.9  0.6               362 23                                       30m        Barvainis ea. 1997
                                                   2.55784 21284.8 8.152       CO(3-2)   13.2 0.2               416 6                                        PdBI       Weiss ea. 2003
                                                   2.5579  21285.4 8.152       CO(4-3)   21.1 0.8               375 16                                       30m        Barvainis ea. 1997
                                                                               CO(4-3)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                   2.5579  21285.4 8.152       CO(5-4)   24.0 1.4               398 25                                       30m        Barvainis ea. 1997
                                                                               CO(5-4)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(6-5)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                   2.5579  21285.4 8.152       CO(7-6)   47.3 2.2               376                                          30m PdBI   Barvainis ea. 1997
                                                   2.5582  21288.5 8.152       CO(7-6)   41   4                 339 21                                       OVRO       Yun ea. 1997
                                                   2.558   21286.4 8.152       CO(7-6)   45   2                 480 35                                       PdBI       Alloin ea. 1997
                                                                               CO(8-7)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                   2.5569  21275.3 8.153      HCN(1-0)  0.069 0.012             ~288                                         VLA        Solomon ea. 2003
                                                                              HCO+(1-0)                                                                      VLA        Riechers ea. 2006
                                                                              HCN(4-3)   2.6  0.5               436 103                                      30m        Barvainis ea. 1997 
                                                                            CI(3P1-3P0)  3.6  0.4               430 46                                       30m        Barvainis ea. 1997
                                                                            CI(3P1-3P0)  3.9  0.6               360 60                                       30m        Weiss ea. 2005
                                                                            CI(3P2-3P1)  5.2  0.3               368 25                                       PdBI       Weiss ea. 2003

SMM J14011+0252  14h01m04.93s +02d52m24.1s   SMM L 2.5653  21360.7 8.147 5-25  CO(3-2)   2.4  0.3               200 40                                       OVRO       Frayer ea. 1999
                                                   2.5652  21359.7 8.147       CO(3-2)   2.8  0.3               190 11                                       PdBI       Downes & Solomon 2003 - NOTE: high magn.!
                                                                               CO(3-2)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(4-3)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(5-4)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(6-5)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                   2.5651  21358.6 8.147       CO(7-6)   3.2  0.5   2.5  0.8    170 30                                       PdBI       Downes & Solomon 2003
                                                                               CO(8-7)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                            CI(3P1-3P0)  1.8  0.3               235 45                                       30m        Weiss ea. 2005

VCV J1409+5628   14h09m55.57s +56d28m26.48s  QSO   2.585   21561.1 8.133   1   CO(3-2)   2.4  0.7   10.7 0.6    370 60               1.0  0.02  0.35  0.05   OVRO       Hainline ea. 2004
                                                   2.5832  21542.8 8.135       CO(3-2)   2.3  0.2               311 28                                       PdBI       Beelen ea. 2004
                                                                               CO(5-4)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(7-6)   4.1  1.0                                                            PdBI       Beelen ea. 2004
                                                                              HCN(1-0)  0.015 0.005             177 80                                       VLA        Carilli ea. 2005 note: marginal detection

MG 0414+0534	 04h14m37.8s  +05d34m42s     RLQ L 2.639   22112.0 8.095  >1   CO(3-2)   2.6  0.4   20.7 1.3    580       25.3 1.8              3310 @390MHz PdBI       Barvainis ea. 1998

MS1512-cB58      15h14m22.22s +36d36m24.79s  LBQ L 2.7265  23008.7 8.033   32  CO(3-2)   0.37 0.08  1.06        174 43                                       PdBI       Baker ea. 2004 

LBQS1230+1627B   12h33m10.5s  +16d10m54.0s   QSO L 2.741   23157.7 8.022   1   CO(3-2)   0.80 0.26  7.5  1.4                         0.21 0.05  0.14  0.015  PdBI       Guilloteau ea. 1999 - NOTE: tentative detection!

RX J0911+0551    09h11m27.50s +05d50m52.0s   RQQ L 2.796   23724.3 7.982   22  CO(3-2)   2.9 1.1    10.2 1.8    350 60    26.7 1.4                           OVRO       Hainline ea. 2004

SMM J02399-0136	 02h39m51.87s -01d35m58.8s   SMM L 2.808   23848.2 7.830   2.5 CO(3-2)   3.0  0.4   4.0  0.8    710 80                                       OVRO       Frayer ea. 1998
                                                   2.8076  23844.1 7.974       CO(3-2)   3.1  0.4               >1100                                        PdBI       Genzel ea. 2003

SMM J04135+10277 04h13m27.50s +10d27m40.3s   QSO L 2.846   24241.0 7.945   1.3 CO(3-2)   5.4  1.3               340 120                                      OVRO       Hainline ea. 2004

B3 J2330+3927    23h30m24.84s +39d27m12.2s   RG    3.094   26825.2 7.759   1   CO(4-3)   1.3  0.3   4.8  1.2    500                  100        35           PdBI       de Breuck ea 2003

SMM J22174+0015  22h17m35.20s +00d15m37.6s   SMM   3.099   26877.7 7.756   1   CO(3-2)   0.8  0.2               780 100                                      PdBI       Greve ea. 2005

SSA22 blob 1     22h17m25.93s +00d12m37.6s   Ly-a  3.102   26909.2 7.753   1   CO(4-3)   <2.5                   400 FWZI  16.8 2.9  0.0444 0.0101            OVRO       Chapman ea. 2004

MG 0751+2716     07h51m41.46s +27d16m31.4s   RLQ L 3.200   27940.0 7.679  16.6 CO(4-3)   5.96 0.45  6.7  1.3    390 38     25.8 1.3  412        191          PdBI       Barvainis ea. 2002
                                                                               CO(5-4)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(6-5)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(8-7)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(9-8)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005

SMM J09431+4700  09h43m04.09s +47d00m16.2s   SMM L 3.3460  29484.9 7.568   1.2 CO(4-3)   1.1  0.1   2.3  0.4    420 50     10.5                              PdBI       Neri ea. 2003
               H6                                                              CO(4-3)   <0.4       1.3  0.3                                                 PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006
               H7                                                              CO(4-3)   1.1 0.2    2.2  0.3    400 45                                       PdBI       Tacconi ea. 2006
                                                                               CO(9-8)   <1.0                                                                PdBI       Neri ea. 2003

SMM J13120+4242  13h12m01.20s +42d42m08.8s   SMM   3.408   30144.0 7.521   1   CO(4-3)   1.7  0.3               530 50     6.2                               PdBI       Greve ea. 2005

TN J0121+1320    01h21m42.7s  +13d20m58s     RG    3.520   31339.3 7.437   1   CO(4-3)   1.2  0.4               700?                 57         8            PdBI       de Breuck ea. 2003 - NOTE: 700 km/s=width??

6C1909+722       19h08m23.70s +72d20m11.8s   RG    3.532   31467.7 7.428   1   CO(4-3)   1.62 0.30  <2          530 70     13.5 2.8  309        59           PdBI       Papadopoulos et al 2000

4C60.07          05h12m54.80s +60d30m51.7s   RG  L 3.791   34254.6 7.235   1   CO(1-0)   0.24 0.03  4.5  1.2    400        11.0 1.5  157       1200 @365MHz  VLA        Greve ea. 2004 - NOTEL 
                                                   3.791   34254.6 7.235       CO(4-3)   2.50 0.43             >1000                                         PdBI       Papadopoulos et al 2000  

4C41.17          06h50m52.17s +41d30m30.9s   RG    3.7958  34306.5 7.232   1   CO(4-3)   1.8 0.2    3.8         1000 150   11                                PdBI       de Breuck ea. 2005

APM 08279+5255   08h31m41.64s +52d45m17.5s   RQQ L 3.9     35435.7 7.155   7   CO(1-0)   0.15 0.045 17.0 0.5               75                   0.6  0.03    VLA        Papadopoulos ea. 2001
                                             [BAL]                             CO(1-0)   0.22 0.05  24   2                 84 3                              VLA        Lewis ea. 2002
                                                                               CO(1-0)                                                                       GBT        Riechers ea. 2005
                                                   3.9     35435.7 7.155       CO(2-1)   1.15 0.54                                                           VLA        Papadopoulos ea. 2001
                                                   3.9114  35559.5 7.147       CO(4-3)   3.7  0.5               480 35                                       PdBI       Downes ea. 1999 BAL: NOTE: Downes: magn.: 7-20
                                                                               CO(6-5)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                   3.9109  35554.1 7.147       CO(9-8)   9.1  0.8               480                                          PdBI       Downes ea. 1999
                                                                              CO(10-9)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                              CO(11-10)                                                                      30m        Weiss 2005
                                                   3.9124  35570.7 7.146      HCN(5-4)   2.01  0.51             440 59                                       PdBI       Wagg ea. 2005

PSS J2322+1944   23h22m07.25s +19d44m22.08s  QSO L 4.1192  37825.1 6.998  3.5  CO(1-0)   0.19 0.08 9.6  0.5     200 70     22.5      0.10 0.02               VLA        Carilli ea. 2002
                                                                               CO(1-0)                                                                       GBT        Riechers ea. 2005
                                                                               CO(1-0)                                                                       100m       Riechers ea. 2005
                                             [BAL]                             CO(2-1)   0.92 0.30              280 42                                       VLA        Carilli ea. 2002, Carilli ea. 2003 (Einstein Ring)
                                                   4.1199  37832.8 6.997       CO(4-3)   3.83 0.40              348 40                                       PdBI       Cox ea. 2002
                                                   4.1199  37832.8 6.997       CO(5-4)   3.74 0.56              273 50                                       PdBI       Cox ea. 2002
                                                                               CO(6-5)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                               CO(7-6)                                                                       30m        Weiss 2005
                                                                              CO(10-9)  <5.2                                                                 PdBI       Cox ea. 2002
                                                                            CI(3P1-3P0)  0.81 0.12              319 66                                       PdBI       Pety ea. 2004

PSS1418+4449     14h18m31.7s  +44d49m37.6s   QSO   4.32    40029.5 6.857       CO(1-0)              6.3                    10.4                              GBT        HD, in progress (Mar 2005)

BRI 1335-0417	 13h38m03.42s -04d32m34.1s   QSO   4.4074  40993.3 6.797   1   CO(2-1) N 0.18 0.06  5.6  1.1    420 60     14        0.22 0.05  0.076 0.011  VLA        Carilli ea. 2002
                                                                                                    10.3 1.0                                                 30m        
                 13h38m03.40s -04d32m35.4s         4.4074  40993.3 6.797       CO(2-1) S 0.26 0.06              420 60                                       VLA        Carilli ea. 2002
                                                                               CO(5-4)   2.8  0.3               420 60                                       PdBI       Guilloteau ea. 1997

BRI 0952-0115    09h55m00.1s  -01d30m07.1s   RQQ L 4.4337  41283.8 6.779   4   CO(5-4)   0.91 0.11  2.8  0.6    230 35     13.4 2.3  0.46 0.04  0.23  0.03   PdBI       Guilloteau ea. 1999

BR 1202-0725                                 QSO   4.69    44127.0 6.608   1   CO(1-0)              12.6 2.3               42        0.23 0.04  0.14  0.015  GBT        Riechers ea. 2005
                                                                               CO(1-0)                                                                       100m       Riechers ea. 2005
                 12h05m22.98s -07d42m29.9s   N     4.692   44149.3 6.606       CO(2-1)   0.26 0.05              280                                          VLA        Carilli ea. 2002
                 12h05m23.12s -07d42m32.9s   S     4.695   44182.7 6.604       CO(2-1)   0.23 0.04              280                                          VLA        Carilli ea. 2002
                                                                               CO(4-3)   1.50 0.3               280 30                                       PdBI       Omont ea. 1996
                                                   4.6932  44162.7 6.606       CO(5-4)   2.4  0.3               320 35                                       PdBI       Omont ea. 1996
                                                                               CO(5-4)   2.7  0.41              220 74                                       NRO        Ohta ea. 1996, Guelin 2001?
                                                   4.6915  44143.7 6.607       CO(7-6)   3.1  0.86              250-300                                      30m        Omont ea. 1996

TN J0924-2201    09h24m19.92s -22d01m41.5s   RG    5.202   49866.2 6.285       CO(1-0)   0.087 0.017            250-400                                      ATCA       Klamer ea. 2005
                                                                               CO(5-4)   1.19 0.27              200-300                                      ATCA       Klamer ea. 2005

SDSS J1048+4637  10h48m45.0s  +46d37m18s     QSO   6.193   61168.5 5.732       CO(2-1)                                                                       GBT        HD, in progress (Jun 2005)
                                                                               CO(3-2)                                                                       GBT        HD, in progress, limit (Mar 2005)
                                                                               CO(3-2)                                                                       VLA        CC, in progress (Feb 2005)
                                                                               CO(6-5)   0.5        4.0         400                                          PdBI       Bertoldi ea. 2003 (in progress) ### NON-DETECTION?

SDSS J1148+5251  11h48m16.64s +52d51m50.3s   QSO   6.418   63765.6 5.618   1   CO(3-2)   0.18 0.04  5.0  0.5    320 60               0.05 0.02               VLA        Walter ea. 2003, Walter ea. 2004
                                                   6.4187  63773.7 5.618       CO(6-5)   0.73 0.076             279 40                                       PdBI       Bertoldi ea. 2003
                                                   6.4192  63779.5 5.617       CO(7-6)   0.64 0.088             279                                          PdBI       Bertoldi ea. 2003
                                                                               CO(1-0)   <0.11                                                               100m       Bertoldi ea. 2003
                                                                      [CII](2P3/2-2P1/2) 4.1 0.5                350 50                                       30m        Maiolino ea. 2005

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