Ay 127 Webpage - Winter 2017
http://www.astro.caltech.edu/~george/ay127/
Instructors:
- George Djorgovski, george[AT]astro.caltech.edu, x-4415, 374 Cahill
- Several other kind volunteers
TA:
- Samaporn (Kaew) Tinyanont, st[AT]astro.caltech.edu, x-4987, 255 Cahill
Office hours: Thu 11 am
Class times: Tue & Thu, 1-2:30 pm, 219 Cahill
Class summary, syllabus, grading, collaboration policy, texts, etc.
Homeworks & Exams:
Lectures:
Lecture 1: FRW models, Friedmann equation, redshift and scale factor
Lecture 2: Cosmological distance scale
- George's slides (10 MB pdf file)
- "The Hubble Constant", W. Freedman & B. Madore, 2010, ARAA, 48, 673 (1.5 MB pdf file) * [arXiv link]
- "Measuring and Modeling the Universe", ed. W. Freedman, Carnegie Observatories Astrophys. Symp., vol. 2 (2004) (lots of good reviews)
- A good example of a modern joint analysis of various data sets is "The 1% concordance Hubble Constant", C. Bennett et al., ApJ, 794, 135 (2014) [ADS link]
- "The Age of the Galactic Globular System", D. VandenBerg, M. Bolte & P. Stetson, 1996, ARAA, 34, 461 (somewhat dated, but a good review of the subject)
- An old but useful review of nucleocosmochronology is by J. Cowan, F.-K. Thielemann, & J. Truran, "Radioactive Dating of the Elements", ARAA, 29, 447 (1991)
[ADS link]
Lecture 3: Cosmological tests
- George's slides (10 MB pdf file)
- O. Lahav & A. Liddle: "The Cosmological Parameters 2014", from the Review of Particle Physics 2014
(aka the Particle Data Book),
arXiv/1401.1389
- Planck Mission papers
- Some additional readings on dark energy:
- M. Mortonson, D. Weinberg, & M. White: "Dark Energy: A Short Review", from the Review of Particle Physics (2014)
(aka the Particle Data Book),
arXiv/1401.0046
- D. Weinberg et al., "Observational Probes of Cosmic Acceleration",
arXiv/1201.2434
- J. Frieman, M. Turner, & D. Huterer, "Dark Energy and the Accelerating Universe",
ARAA, 46, 385 (2008)
- S. Carroll: "The Cosmological Constant", Living Rev. Rel. 4 (2001) 1,
arXiv link
- J. Martin: "Everything You Always Wanted To Know About The Cosmological Constant Problem (But Were Afraid To Ask)",
Rep. Prog. Pys. (2009), arXiv/1205.3365
- A. Silvestri & M. Trodden: "Approaches to Understanding Cosmic Acceleration",
Rep. Prog. Pys. (2009), arXiv/0904.0024
- E. Linder: "Frontiers of Dark Energy", arXiv/1009.1411
- R. Caldwell & M. Kamionkowski: "The Physics of Cosmic Acceleration", Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. (2009) =
arxiv/0903.0866
- N. Straumann: "The history of the cosmological constant problem",
arXiv link
- Report of the Dark Energy Task Force,
astro-ph/0609591
- Some additional readings on CMB cosmology:
- Some additional readings on other cosmological tests:
- S. Allen, A. Evrard, & A. Mantz,
"Cosmological Parameters from Observations of Galaxy Clusters",
ARAA, 49, 409 (2011)
- J. Carlstrom, G. Holder, & E. Reese,
"Cosmology with the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect",
ARAA, 40, 643 (2002)
- B. Leibungut,
"Cosmological Implications from Observations of Type Ia Supernovae",
ARAA, 39, 67 (2001)
- LBL Supernova Cosmology Project
and the High-Z Supernova Team
- EAA article on
Hubble diagram (pdf file)
Lecture 4: The Contents of the Universe
- George's slides (5 MB pdf file)
- Sunil's slides (18.5 MB pdf file)
- J. Feng: "Dark Matter Candidates from Particle Physics and Methods of Detection", ARAA, 48, 495 (2010)
- R. Gaitskell: "Direct Detection Of Dark Matter", Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci., 54, 315 (2004)
- W. Haxton & A. Fitzpatrick: "Effective Theory Frameworks for Analysis of Direct-Detection Dark Matter Experiments", Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci., 67 (2017)
- D. Hooper & E. Baltz: "Strategies for Determining the Nature of Dark Matter", Ann. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci., 58, 293 (2008)
Lecture 5: The Early Universe
Lectures 6-8: CMB
Lectures 9-10: Structure Formation
Lectures 11-12: Large Scale Structure
- Robyn Sanderson's lecture notes (pdf file), and
her slides (11 MB pdf file)
- George's slides (9.4 MB pdf file)
- Some additional readings:
- An excellent, modern, and comprehensive review by A. Coil, "Large-Scale Structure of the Universe", in Planets, Stars, and Stellar Systems (2012), available at
arXiv/1202.6633
- V. Springel, C. Frenk, & S. White, "The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe", 2006, Nature 440, 1137, available at
astro-ph/0604561
- O. Lahav & Y. Suto, "Measuring our Universe from Galaxy Redshift Surveys", Living Reviews in Relativity, v. 7, no. 8 (2004) also available at
astro-ph/0310642 *
- J. Peacock, "Large-scale surveys and cosmic structure", 2002 Tenerife Winter School lectures, available at
astro-ph/0309240 *
(local pdf file)
- M. Strauss & J. Willick, "The density and peculiar velocity fields of nearby galaxies", 1995, Phys.Rept. 261, 271, available at
astro-ph/9502079 *
(local pdf file)
- J. Peacock, "The evolution of clustering and bias in the galaxy distribution", Roy. Soc. London Phil. Tr. A, v. 357, p.133 (1999), available at
astro-ph/9805208
- M. White's links on the probes of Large Scale Structure
- Bits and pieces of our Sky Surveys review paper are also relevant here
- R. Gal, "Optical Detection of Galaxy Clusters", available at
astro-ph/0601195
- A. Diaferio et al., "Clusters of Galaxies: Setting the Stage", available at
astro-ph/0801.0968
- P. Rosati, S. Borgani, & C. Norman, "The Evolution of X-Ray Clusters of Galaxies"
ARAA, 40, 539 (2002)
Other useful stuff. Please let us know if you find some additional useful links.
CosmoCalc by Ned Wright *
Advanced version *
Time converting *
A. Robotham's CosmoCalc
"Distance measures in cosmology" by D. Hogg
Various lecture notes and review papers:
Some additional readings that you may find interesting:
Last changed: 16Feb17, SGD